ElementZinc
SymbolZn
Atomic Mass65.39
Atomic Number30
Name OriginsFrom the German, zink
Year Discovered1500
Discovered CreditsKnown in India and China before 1500.
RemarksBluish-white metal, brittle when cast. Tarnishes in air, reacts with acids and alkalis. Used for galvanizing iron, in alloys, e.g. brass, in batteries, as ZnO in rubber, and as polymer stabilizer.
Diagnostic TestsIn a strongly reducing flame, the zinc in zinc minerals volatilizes when heated before the blowpipe and is usually detected by the canary yellow (hot) or white (cold) color of the ZnO coating on charcoal. Infusible zinc silicate minerals give a green color when ignited with a Co(NO3)2 solution. Zinc can sometimes appear as bright greenish streaks in the flame test.
ReferencesEmsley, J., 1991; THE ELEMENTS : Sec. Ed., Clarendon Press, Oxford, 251 p.

Naturally Ocurring Isotopes :

Mass Nuclide Number Natural Abundance Half-life Half-life Unit Decay Mode Decay Mode MeV Decay Mode %
63.929145 64 48.6 % Stable
64.929243 65 0 % 243,8 Days beta - EC 1,352 98,00 1,50
65.926034 66 27.9 % Stable
66.927129 67 4.1 % Stable
67.924846 68 18.8 % Stable
68.926552 69 0 % 13,8 Hours IT 0,439 100,00
69.925325 70 0 % Stable

243 Minerals sorted by % of Zn (Zinc) :

Zinc100.00 %Zn
Zincite80.34 %(Zn,Mn)O
Danbaite67.30 %CuZn2
Matraite67.10 %ZnS
Sphalerite67.10 %(Zn,Fe)S
Wulfingite65.78 %Zn(OH)2
Sweetite65.78 %Zn(OH)2
Ashoverite65.78 %Zn(OH)2
Wurtzite60.98 %(Zn,Fe)S
Hydrozincite59.55 %Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Simonkolleite59.24 %Zn5(OH)8Cl2(H2O)
Brianyoungite58.87 %Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Willemite58.68 %Zn2SiO4
Hemimorphite54.29 %Zn4Si2O7(OH)2(H2O)
Tarbuttite53.87 %Zn2(PO4)(OH)
Smithsonite52.15 %ZnCO3
Sclarite50.85 %(Zn,Mg,Mn++)4Zn3(CO3)2(OH)10
Spencerite48.48 %Zn4(PO4)2(OH)23(H2O)
Adamite45.61 %Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Paradamite45.61 %Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Bechererite45.53 %(Zn,Cu)6Zn2(OH)13[(S,Si)(O,OH)4]2
Stilleite45.30 %ZnSe
Aurichalcite44.85 %(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reinerite44.38 %Zn3(As+++O3)2
Znucalite44.36 %CaZn11(UO2)(CO3)3(OH)204(H2O)
Genthelvite43.82 %Zn4Be3(SiO4)3S
Legrandite42.92 %Zn2(AsO4)(OH)(H2O)
Parahopeite42.82 %Zn3(PO4)24(H2O)
Hopeite42.82 %Zn3(PO4)24(H2O)
Gordaite41.77 %NaZn(SO4)(OH)6Cl6(H2O)
Brass40.69 %Cu3Zn2
Zincosite40.50 %ZnSO4
Zaccagnaite40.49 %Zn4Al2(OH)12(CO3)3(H2O)
Fraipontite40.34 %(Zn,Al)3(Si,Al)2O5(OH)4
Sophiite39.79 %Zn2(SeO3)Cl2
Warikahnite38.46 %Zn3(AsO4)22(H2O)
Polhemusite37.36 %(Zn,Hg)S
Junitoite36.63 %CaZn2Si2O7(H2O)
Zincrosasite36.58 %(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zincowoodwardite-1T36.49 %[Zn1BxAlx(OH)2][(SO4)x/2n(H2O)], x = 0.33, n . 0.96
Gahnite35.66 %ZnAl2O4
Zincsilite34.14 %Zn3Si4O10(OH)24(H2O) (?)
Tongxinite33.97 %Cu2Zn
Guarinoite33.87 %(Zn,Co,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)105(H2O)
Sauconite33.80 %Na0,3Zn3(Si,Al)4O10(OH)24(H2O)
Scholzite32.96 %CaZn2(PO4)22(H2O)
Parascholzite32.96 %CaZn2(PO4)22(H2O)
Zinalsite32.86 %Zn2AlSi2O5(OH)42(H2O) (?)
Quetzalcoatlite32.49 %Zn8Cu4(TeO3)3(OH)18
Kottigite31.74 %Zn3(AsO4)28(H2O)
Zincaluminite30.68 %Zn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)265(H2O)
Clinohedrite30.33 %CaZnSiO4(H2O)
Zincowoodwardite29.81 %[Zn1-xAlx(OH)2][(SO4)x/2(H2O)n]
Hauckite29.47 %(Mg,Mn++)24Zn18Fe+++3(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81 (?)
Koritnigite29.28 %Zn(AsO3OH)(H2O)
Phosphophyllite29.17 %Zn2(Fe++,Mn)(PO4)24(H2O)
Minrecordite29.00 %CaZn(CO3)2
Zincowoodwardite-3R28.47 %[Zn1BxAlx(OH)2][(SO4)x/2n(H2O)], 0.32 < x < 0.50, n = 0.59
Christelite28.45 %Zn3Cu2(SO4)2(OH)64(H2O)
Magnesium-chlorophoenicite28.09 %(Mg,Mn)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Prosperite28.02 %CaZn2(AsO4)2(H2O)
Zincochromite28.02 %ZnCr2O4
Gunningite27.73 %(Zn,Mn)SO4(H2O)
Stranskiite27.70 %Zn2Cu++(AsO4)2
Theisite27.61 %Cu5Zn5[(As+++++,Sb+++++)O4]2(OH)14
Cianciulliite27.60 %Mn++++(Mg,Mn++)2Zn2(OH)102-4(H2O)
Hetaerolite27.33 %ZnMn+++2O4
Esperite27.32 %PbCa3Zn4(SiO4)4
IMA1998-03327.04 %Zn2AlSb(OH)12
Chlorophoenicite26.68 %(Mn,Mg)3Zn2(AsO4)(OH,O)6
Hodgkinsonite26.54 %MnZn2SiO4(OH)2
Chalcophanite26.51 %(Zn,Fe++,Mn++)Mn++++3O73(H2O)
Hydrohetaerolite26.34 %Zn2Mn+++4O8(H2O)
Veszelyite26.13 %(Cu,Zn)2ZnPO4(OH)32(H2O)
Yafsoanite25.69 %Ca3Te2Zn3O12
Gerstmannite25.60 %(Mg,Mn)2ZnSiO4(OH)2
Austinite25.02 %CaZn(AsO4)(OH)
Ecandrewsite24.95 %(Zn,Fe++,Mn++)TiO3
Kolovratite24.94 %Hydrous vanadate of Ni and Zn
Namuwite24.77 %(Zn,Cu)4(SO4)(OH)64(H2O)
Odanielite24.23 %Na(Zn,Mg)3H2(AsO4)3
Leiteite23.42 %ZnAs+++2O4
Yeatmanite23.21 %Mn++9Zn6Sb+++++2Si4O28
Zinclavendulan23.14 %NaCa(Zn,Cu)5(AsO4)4Cl4-5(H2O)
Baileychlore23.04 %(Zn,Al,[ ])3[Fe++2Al][Si3AlO10](OH)8
Vismirnovite22.85 %ZnSn++++(OH)6
Goslarite22.74 %ZnSO47(H2O)
Boyleite21.97 %(Zn,Mg)SO44(H2O)
Kalininite21.97 %ZnCr2S4
Renierite21.72 %(Cu,Zn)11(Ge,As)2Fe4S16
Kipushite21.69 %(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6(H2O)
Zhanghengite21.53 %(Cu,Zn,Fe,Al,Cr)
Mooreite21.42 %(Mg,Zn,Mn)15(SO4)2(OH)268(H2O)
Kolicite21.02 %Mn7Zn4(AsO4)2(SiO4)2(OH)8
Fahleite20.90 %Zn5CaFe+++2(AsO4)614(H2O)
Hardystonite20.84 %Ca2ZnSi2O7
Torreyite20.39 %(Mg,Mn)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)228(H2O)
Helmutwinklerite20.06 %PbZn2(AsO4)22(H2O)
Glaucocerinite19.97 %(Zn,Cu)5Al3(SO4)1.5(OH)169(H2O)
Holdenite19.25 %(Mn,Mg)6Zn3(AsO4)2(SiO4)(OH)8
Gerdtremmelite19.05 %ZnAl2(AsO4)(OH)5
Lawsonbauerite18.70 %(Mn,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)228(H2O)
Woodruffite18.59 %(Zn,Mn++)2Mn++++5O124(H2O)
Hendricksite18.56 %K(Zn,Mg,Mn)3Si3AlO10(OH)2
Metakottigite18.41 %(Zn,Fe+++,Fe++)3(AsO4)28((H2O),OH)
Bianchite18.36 %(Zn,Fe++)(SO4)6(H2O)
Larsenite17.93 %PbZnSiO4
Changoite17.41 %Na2Zn(SO4)24(H2O)
Nigerite-24R16.94 %(Fe++,Zn)4Sn2(Al,Fe+++)15O30(OH)2
Claraite16.66 %(Cu,Zn)3(CO3)(OH)44(H2O)
Shibkovite16.62 %K(Ca,Mn,Na)2(K2-x,[ ]x)2ZnSi12O30 (x~0.8)
Franklinite16.59 %(Zn,Mn++,Fe++)(Fe+++,Mn+++)2O4
Sabelliite16.59 %Cu2Zn(As,Sb)O4(OH)3
Loseyite16.51 %(Mn,Zn)7(CO3)2(OH)10
Kleemanite16.46 %ZnAl2(PO4)2(OH)23(H2O)
Gaultite16.40 %Na4Zn2Si7O185(H2O)
Descloizite16.16 %PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Ordonezite16.15 %ZnSb2O6
Theresemagnanite16.08 %(Co,Zn,Ni)6(SO4)(OH,Cl)108(H2O)
Kuksite15.93 %Pb3Zn3Te++++++O6(PO4)2
Sanmartinite15.78 %(Zn,Fe++)WO4
Chudobaite15.77 %(Mg,Zn)5(AsO3OH)2(AsO4)210(H2O)
Zincovoltaite15.74 %K2Zn5Fe+++3Al(SO4)1218(H2O)
Franklinfurnaceite15.73 %Ca2(Fe+++,Al)Mn+++Mn++3Zn2Si2O10(OH)8
Nowackiite15.55 %Cu6Zn3As4S12
Tlalocite15.49 %Cu10Zn6(Te++++O3)(Te++++++O4)2Cl(OH)2527(H2O)
Schulenbergite15.45 %(Cu,Zn)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)103(H2O)
Cheremnykhite15.43 %Zn3Pb3Te++++O6(VO4)2
Zincohogbomite15.40 %(Zn,Fe++)(2-2x)(Ti)xAl4O8
Arsendescloizite15.26 %PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Paratacamite15.24 %(Cu,Zn)2(OH)3Cl
Dugganite15.06 %Pb3Zn3Te(As,V,Si)2(O,OH)14
Rosasite14.72 %(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zincroselite14.23 %Ca2Zn(AsO4)22(H2O)
Gaitite14.23 %Ca2Zn(AsO4)22(H2O)
Keyite14.19 %Cu++3(Zn,Cu)4Cd2(AsO4)62(H2O)
Sakuraiite13.87 %(Cu,Zn,Fe,In,Sn)4S4
Khatyrkite13.86 %(Cu,Zn)Al2
Zinc-melanterite13.72 %(Zn,Cu,Fe++)SO47(H2O)
Ehrleite13.62 %Ca2ZnBe(PO4)2(PO3,OH)4(H2O)
Mapimite13.58 %Zn2Fe+++3(AsO4)3(OH)410(H2O)
Ramsbeckite13.42 %(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)226(H2O)
Wilhelmkleinite13.37 %ZnFe+++3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Lotharmeyerite13.31 %CaZnMn+++(AsO3OH)4(OH)3
Philipsburgite12.91 %(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6(H2O)
Utahite12.72 %Cu5Zn3(Te++++++O4)4(OH)87(H2O)
Jungite12.55 %Ca2Zn4Fe+++8(PO4)9(OH)916(H2O)
Briartite12.54 %Cu2(Zn,Fe)GeS4
Dusmatovite12.51 %K(K,Na,[ ])(Mn++,Y,Zr)2(Zn,Li)3Si12O30
Pirquitasite12.38 %Ag2ZnSnS4
Rinmanite11.70 %(Zn,Mn)2Sb2Mg2Fe4O14(OH)2
Ojuelaite11.66 %ZnFe+++2(AsO4)2(OH)24(H2O)
Giraudite11.52 %(Cu,Zn,Ag)12(As,Sb)4(Se,S)13
Zincgartrellite11.09 %Pb(Zn,Fe,Cu)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Nezilovite10.94 %PbZn2(Mn++++,Ti++++)2Fe+++8O19
Ktenasite10.78 %(Cu,Zn)5(SO4)2(OH)66(H2O)
Ferrilotharmeyerite10.66 %Ca(Zn,Cu++)(Fe+++,Zn)(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Petedunnite10.60 %Ca(Zn,Mn++,Fe++,Mg)Si2O6
Tsumcorite10.47 %PbZnFe++(AsO4)2(H2O)
Kesterite10.38 %Cu2(Zn,Fe)SnS4
Serpierite10.15 %Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)63(H2O)
Mcgovernite10.15 %Mn9Mg4Zn2As2Si2O17(OH)14
Orthoserpierite10.15 %Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)63(H2O)
Queitite9.94 %Pb4Zn2(SiO4)(Si2O7)(SO4)
Kurumsakite9.79 %(Zn,Ni,Cu)8Al8V2Si5O3527(H2O) (?)
Stalderite9.45 %TlCu(Zn,Fe,Hg)2As2S6
Mushistonite9.20 %(Cu,Zn,Fe)Sn++++(OH)6
Murataite9.15 %(Y,Na)6(Zn,Fe+++)5(Ti,Nb)12O29(O,F)14
Zincobotryogen8.85 %(Zn,Mg,Mn)Fe+++(SO4)2(OH)7(H2O)
Zemannite8.82 %Mg0.5[Zn++Fe+++(TeO3)3]4.5(H2O)
Landauite8.69 %NaMnZn2(Ti,Fe+++)6Ti12O38
Ilesite8.67 %(Mn,Zn,Fe++)SO44(H2O)
Schoonerite8.50 %Fe++2ZnMnFe+++(PO4)3(OH)29(H2O)
Jamesite8.26 %Pb2Zn2Fe+++5(AsO4)5O4
Johillerite8.08 %Na(Mg,Zn)3Cu(AsO4)3
Alvanite8.04 %(Zn,Ni)Al4(VO3)2(OH)122(H2O)
Lishizhenite8.04 %ZnFe+++2(SO4)414(H2O)
Samfowlerite7.48 %Ca14Mn++3Zn2(Be,Zn)2Be6(SiO4)6(Si2O7)4(OH,F)6
Cobaltkoritnigite7.48 %(Co,Zn)(AsO3OH)(H2O)
Cupalite7.21 %(Cu,Zn)Al
Lukrahnite6.98 %Ca(Cu,Zn)(Fe,Zn)(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Gageite-2M6.94 %(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Gageite6.94 %(Mn,Mg,Zn)42Si16O54(OH)40
Kraisslite6.93 %(Mn++,Mg)24Zn3Fe+++(As+++O3)2(As+++++O4)3(SiO4)6(OH)18
Minehillite6.56 %(K,Na)2-3Ca28(Zn4Al4Si40)O112(OH)16
Feinglosite6.52 %Pb2(Zn,Fe)[(As,S)O4]2(H2O)
Nickelaustinite6.38 %Ca(Ni,Zn)(AsO4)(OH)
Faustite6.35 %(Zn,Cu)Al6(PO4)4(OH)84(H2O)
Chvilevaite6.23 %Na(Cu,Fe,Zn)2S2
Metalodevite6.15 %Zn(UO2)2(AsO4)210(H2O)
Kukisvumite5.74 %Na6ZnTi4Si8O284(H2O)
Mengxianminite5.73 %(Ca,Na)3(Fe++,Mn++)2Mg2(Sn++++,Zn)5Al8O29
IMA2001-0375.71 %K2Zn(Ti,Nb)4(Si4O12)2(OH,O)46-8(H2O)
Zincocopiapite5.34 %ZnFe+++4(SO4)6(OH)218(H2O)
Argentotennantite5.28 %(Ag,Cu)10(Zn,Fe)2(As,Sb)4S13
Caryopilite5.25 %(Mn++,Mg,Zn,Fe++)3(Si,As)2O510(OH,Cl)4
Zinc-zippeite5.24 %Zn++2(UO2)6(SO4)3(OH)1016(H2O)
Spiroffite5.22 %(Mn,Zn)2Te3O8
IMA2001-0065.22 %K2Zn(Nb,Ti)4(Si4O12)2(O,OH)46H2O
IMA2001-0485.13 %(Fe,Mg,Zn,Al)6Al14(Ti,Fe)2O30(OH)2
Thometzekite5.04 %Pb(Cu,Zn)2(AsO4)22(H2O)
Lennilenapeite5.04 %K6-7(Mg,Mn,Fe++,Fe+++,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)21616(H2O)
Franklinphilite4.78 %(K,Na)4(Mn++,Mg,Zn)48(Si,Al)72(O,OH)2166(H2O)
Ogdensburgite4.62 %Ca2(Zn,Mn)Fe+++4(AsO4)4(OH)66(H2O)
Dietrichite4.38 %(Zn,Fe++,Mn)Al2(SO4)422(H2O)
Pehrmanite4.17 %(Fe++,Zn,Mg)2Al6BeO12
Denningite4.16 %(Mn,Zn)Te2O5
Rappoldite4.08 %Pb(Co,Ni,Zn,)2(AsO4)22(H2O)
Pengzhizhongite-6H4.07 %(Mg,Zn,Fe+++,Al)4(Sn,Fe+++)2Al10O22(OH)2
Pengzhizhongite-24R4.07 %(Mg,Zn,Fe+++,Al)4(Sn,Fe+++)2Al10O22(OH)2
Galkhaite3.79 %(Cs,Tl)(Hg,Cu,Zn)6(As,Sb)4S12
Ferrokesterite3.78 %Cu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
Nigerite-6H3.77 %(Zn,Mg,Fe++)(Sn,Zn)2(Al,Fe+++)12O22(OH)2
Arakiite3.74 %(Zn,Mn++)(Mn++,Mg)12(Fe+++,Al)2(AsO3)(AsO4)2(OH)23
Poitevinite3.73 %(Cu,Fe++,Zn)SO4(H2O)
Bannisterite3.68 %KCa(Mn,Fe++,Zn,Mg)21(Si,Al)32O76(OH)164-12(H2O)
Jerrygibbsite3.62 %(Mn,Zn)9(SiO4)4(OH)2
Petrukite3.44 %(Cu,Fe,Zn)2(Sn,In)S4
Nordite-(La)3.43 %(Na,Mn)3(Sr,Ca)(La,Ce)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
Nordite-(Ce)3.42 %(Ce,La,Ca)(Sr,Ca)Na2(Na,Mn)(Zn,Mg)Si6O17
Routhierite3.38 %TlCu(Hg,Zn)2(As,Sb)2S3
Niobokupletskite3.32 %K2Na(Mn,Zn,Fe)7(Nb,Zr,Ti)2Si8O26(OH)4(O,F)
Aheylite3.24 %(Fe++,Zn)Al6(PO4)4(OH)84(H2O)
Darapiosite3.19 %KNa2Li(Mn,Zn)2ZrSi12O30
Hogbomite-4H-5H-6H-15H3.10 %(Mg,Fe++)1.4Ti0.3Al4O8
Hogbomite-8H3.09 %(Al,Fe++,Fe+++,Mg,Ti,Zn)11O15(OH)
Tegengrenite2.98 %(Mg,Mn++)2Sb+++++0.5(Mn+++,Si,Ti)0.5O4
Ekatite2.97 %(Fe+++,Fe++,Zn)12(OH)6[AsO3]6[AsO3,HOSiO3]2
Nelenite2.83 %(Mn,Fe++)16Si12As+++3O36(OH)17
Leisingite2.72 %Cu(Mg,Cu,Fe,Zn)2Te++++++O66(H2O)
Barium-zinc-alumopharmacosiderite2.15 %(Ba,K)0.5(Zn,Cu)0.5(Al,Fe)4(AsO4)35(H2O)
Hemihedrite2.14 %Pb10Zn(CrO4)6(SiO4)2F2
Arsenbrackebuschite2.13 %Pb2(Fe++,Zn)(AsO4)2(H2O)
Keckite1.70 %Ca(Mn,Zn)2Fe+++3(PO4)4(OH)32(H2O)
Metavoltine1.49 %K4Na4(Fe++,Zn)Fe+++6(SO4)12O220(H2O)
Vergasovaite1.47 %Cu3O[(Mo,S)O4][SO4]
Mawbyite1.01 %Pb(Fe+++Zn)2(AsO4)2(OH,H2O)2
Bradaczekite0.95 %NaCu4(AsO4)3
Brackebuschite0.92 %Pb2(Mn,Fe++)(VO4)2(OH)
Gallobeudantite0.91 %PbGa3[(AsO4),(SO4)]2(OH)6
Yofortierite0.65 %(Mn,Mg)5Si8O20(OH)28-9(H2O)
Semenovite0.35 %(Na,Ca)9(Ce,La)2(Fe++,Mn)(Si,Be)20(O,OH,F)48
Nekrasovite0.19 %Cu+26V2(Sn,As,Sb)6S32